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Prehistoric Ireland
Some 8,000 years ago, soon after the retreat of the glaciers, first people arrived in the Emerald Island. They are the ones responsible for the large stone monuments and megaliths that dot the Irish countryside to this day. The most famous of those, Newgrange in County Meath, close to Dublin, was built in the 4th millennium B.C. That's 1,000 years before Stonehenge. 
This spectacular passage tomb (a narrow passage made of large stones with a covered burial chamber) was so carefully constructed that during the winter solstice, the rays of the rising sun still strike a small opening above the doorway and illuminate the sacred chamber within. Another well known area that carries the witness to the first people here is the stunning lunar landscape of The Burren in County Clare. It held a strong mystical attraction for the ancient Irish, who left more than 80 Neolithic tombs, numerous portal dolmens (Stone Age tombs with giant stones making a doorway to a single burial chamber), a Celtic high cross in Kilfenora village, and more than 500 ring forts, including the one at Cahercommaun. 

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